Causes and treatment of acne scars
Causes and treatment of acne scars – Acne lesions can cause scarring. Acne scars appear in the area where there cystic blemishes formerly appeared. People With inflammatory acne are at higher risk of scars after their acne has cleared. Picking or squeezing acne can worsen inflammation increasing the risk of scarring. If you have a blood relative who had acne scars, you are at more risk of developing the condition.
Causes of acne scars
When a breakout of acne penetrates deeply into the skin, they damage the skin and the beneath tissues. When the acne begins to clear, the body attempts to repair the damage that had been caused. As the healing process continues, collagen is produced to offer support to the skin. If too much or too little collagen is produced, scars will appear. These may be raised or depressed scars depending on the amount of collagen produced by the body. Depressed scars occur when the body produces very little collagen. Pits or depressions form as the skin continues to heal. As the body tries to heal the skin and underlying tissues, it can produce too much collagen which cause raised acne scars.
Factors that worsen acne scars
Exposure to the sun can cause the acne scars to darken and also slow the healing process. This is due to the fact that ultraviolet rays, the pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes cause discoloration. Before going outdoors, it is important to apply a sunscreen with an SPF of above 30 and containing zinc oxide. You should reapply after sweating, swimming or after every 2 hours in the sun.
Picking and squeezing
Picking the scars will cause further inflammation as well as injury to the skin. This adds to the scarring and discoloration of the skin. Squeezing will cause bacteria and pus to get deeper into the skin causing more collagen damage.
There are people who suggest that applying topical vitamin E on the affected area can help heal the scar faster. However, latest studies suggest that applying the nutrient onto the scar can prevent its healing. In fact the studies suggest that when applied directly, vitamin E has no effect or worsen the condition. The studies noted that a third of the people who applied the vitamin developed contact dermatitis.
How to treat acne scars
Cortisone and fade creams
If the scars are red and swollen, you can use an OTC cream to calm the condition. Cortisone is not only absorbed by the skin cells but it also minimizes inflammation. There are also some over-the-counter products that can help to lighten hyperpigmentation. When choosing such a product, consider one that contains kojic acid. Vitamin C is also an important ingredient to look for in OTC products.
Laser and filler treatments
If the acne scars do not disappear on their own, you may need to book an appointment with a dermatologist. The health practitioner can use laser skin resurfacing to even out the surface of the skin and increase the formation of collagen to fill in the acne scars. Filler injections may be useful in filling the indentations caused by deep acne scars. However, they have a downside in that they require to be repeated after every 4 to 6 months as the product reabsorbs into the skin with time.
It is important to seek the advice of a dermatologist when choosing the best acne scars treatment.
Causes and treatment of acne scars
Another publication that may interest you : http://acne-scars-treatment.org/top-home-remedies-for-acne/